Saint Louis responded to urbanization and suburbanization through various measures and changes:
- Urban Renewal: In response to urbanization, Saint Louis implemented urban renewal projects in the mid-20th century. Several older neighborhoods were revamped and made more appealing to residents and businesses. One prominent example of this was the Gateway Mall project, which transformed the downtown area into a green space with landscaped gardens, fountains, and sculptures.
- Infrastructure Investment: To accommodate urbanization and suburbanization, Saint Louis invested in infrastructure development. The city constructed highways and bridges to connect various neighborhoods, suburbs, and business districts, making transportation more accessible.
- Housing Policies: Saint Louis implemented housing policies to address the challenges of urbanization and suburbanization. The city focused on creating affordable housing options in both central urban areas and suburban regions. Programs were initiated to encourage homeownership, rehabilitation of older buildings, and the development of mixed-income communities.
- Urban Planning: City planners in Saint Louis worked on zoning and land-use regulations to manage the growth and facilitate sustainable development. They aimed to create a balanced mix of residential, commercial, and industrial areas. In recent years, there has been a focus on promoting walkable neighborhoods and increasing access to public transportation.
- Cultural and Entertainment Investment: Recognizing the importance of cultural and entertainment amenities to attract residents, Saint Louis increased investment in arts, music, and tourism. The city developed new cultural institutions like the Saint Louis Symphony Orchestra and the Saint Louis Art Museum and rejuvenated historic areas, such as the Laclede's Landing waterfront district.
- Suburban Growth: Saint Louis witnessed suburbanization as residents moved away from the city center. The city experienced a decline in population, commercial activity, and tax base. In response, Saint Louis focused on revitalizing downtown areas by redeveloping vacant buildings, promoting businesses, and improving public spaces.
Overall, Saint Louis responded to urbanization and suburbanization through a combination of urban renewal, infrastructure investment, housing policies, urban planning, cultural and entertainment investment, and efforts to revive and redevelop both urban and suburban areas.